This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten,
or redistributed. ©2020 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved.
All market data delayed 20 minutes.

The research, published in Science Advances, notes that the rust may be a result of water discovered on the moon, but it’s still shocking, given the lack of oxygen and dearth of water on Earth’s celestial satellite.

“It’s very puzzling,” the study’s lead author, Shuai Li of the University of Hawaii, said in a statement. “The moon is a terrible environment for hematite to form in.”

The blue areas in this composite image from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) aboard the Indian Space Research Organization’s Chandrayaan-1 orbiter show water concentrated at the Moon’s poles. Homing in on the spectra of rocks there, researcher found signs of hematite, a form of rust. Credit: ISRO/NASA/JPL-Caltech/Brown University/USGS

Li was looking at data from the JPL Moon Mineralogy Mapper when the researcher realized the instrument detected “spectra – or light reflected off surfaces – that revealed the Moon’s poles had a very different composition than the rest of it,” the statement added.

The polar surfaces showed spectra that matched the mineral hematite (Fe2O3), according to the study’s abstract.

“Although oxidizing processes have been speculated to operate on the lunar surface and form ferric iron–bearing minerals, unambiguous detections of ferric minerals forming under highly reducing conditions on the Moon have remained elusive,” the researchers wrote in the study’s abstract. “Our analyses of the Moon Mineralogy Mapper data show that hematite, a ferric mineral, is present at high latitudes on the Moon, mostly associated with east- and equator-facing sides of topographic highs, and is more prevalent on the nearside than the farside.”

This image based on data from NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft shows the face of the Moon we see from Earth.
(Credits: NASA/GSFC /Arizona State University)

“At first, I totally didn’t believe it. It shouldn’t exist based on the conditions present on the moon,” study co-author, NASA JPL planetary geoscientist Abigail Fraeman, added. “But since we discovered water on the moon, people have been speculating that there could be a greater variety of minerals than we realize if that water had reacted with rocks.”

With no atmosphere providing oxygen on the moon and the sun’s solar wind delivering hydrogen — which should act as a “reducer” to prevent oxidation — scientists are baffled where the rust is coming from. However, they believe it could stem from Earth, given the moon does have “trace amounts of oxygen” thanks to Earth’s magnetic field.

The hematite that was discovered is not near any of the water ice that has been discovered so far on the moon, adding another layer of complexity to the findings. The scientists suggested that the dust particles hitting the moon could free up water molecules to interact with the hematite, but further research is needed to see if that’s correct.

“It could be that little bits of water and the impact of dust particles are allowing iron in these bodies to rust,” Fraeman explained.

“This discovery will reshape our knowledge about the moon’s polar regions,” Li added in another statement. “Earth may have played an important role on the evolution of the moon’s surface.”

The moon has been a source of fascination for humanity for eons and since the Apollo space missions of the mid-20th-century, humanity’s knowledge about our celestial satellite has increased significantly.

Scientists recently learned that the moon loses water when meteoroids smack its surface, according to a study published in March 2019.

NASA’s ARTEMIS mission also revealed that solar winds greatly impact the lunar surface and expose it to radiation from the sun, leaving scars on the surface, akin to a “sunburn,” due to the moon’s weak magnetic field.

A separate study published in August 2019 suggested the moon was 100 million years older than previously believed, basing their findings on analyzing the lunar rocks taken by the Apollo astronauts.

A study published in January 2019 suggested that a 4.1-billion-year-old chunk of Earth may have been found and dug up on the moon by Apollo astronauts.

This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2020 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.

Source: https://www.foxnews.com/science/moon-rusting-scientists-stunned

World news – GB – The moon is ‘rusting’ and scientists are stunned

En s’appuyant sur ses expertises dans les domaines du digital, des technologies et des process , CSS Engineering vous accompagne dans vos chantiers de transformation les plus ambitieux et vous aide à faire émerger de nouvelles idées, de nouvelles offres, de nouveaux modes de collaboration, de nouvelles manières de produire et de vendre.

CSS Engineering s’implique dans les projets de chaque client comme si c’était les siens. Nous croyons qu’une société de conseil devrait être plus que d’un conseiller. Nous nous mettons à la place de nos clients, pour aligner nos incitations à leurs objectifs, et collaborer pour débloquer le plein potentiel de leur entreprise. Cela établit des relations profondes et agréables.

Nos services:

  1. Création des sites web professionnels
  2. Hébergement web haute performance et illimité
  3. Vente et installation des caméras de vidéo surveillance
  4. Vente et installation des système de sécurité et d’alarme
  5. E-Marketing

Toutes nos réalisations ici https://www.css-engineering.com/en/works/

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here