Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain
the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in
Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles
and JavaScript.

One of the world’s richest biomedical research organizations, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), announced on 1 October that it will require scientists it funds to make papers open access (OA) as soon as they are published — a change to its current policy, which allows a delay of up to one year before results must be free to read.

The non-profit organization, based in Chevy Chase, Maryland, is only the second US funder to insist on immediate open access, after the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in Seattle, Washington. As part of the policy change, HHMI has joined the coalition of funders and organizations behind Plan S, a European-led initiative that is pushing for research to be immediately accessible on publication, and is supported by national research agencies and charitable organizations such as the Wellcome Trust and the Gates foundation. The HHMI’s shift is a boost to Plan S, and having more US-based funders on board will help build momentum towards open access, says Peter Suber, director of the Harvard Open Access Project and the Harvard Office for Scholarly Communication in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

The HHMI spent US$763 million on biomedical research in 2019 and supports around 4,750 researchers, producing around 2,500 papers a year. Its new policy states that from 2022, HHMI scientists must either publish papers OA or deposit their accepted manuscripts in a repository openly under a liberal publishing licence.

It also will not pay for OA publication fees in ‘hybrid’ journals that make some papers open and keep others behind paywalls, unless they have committed to transitioning to an OA business model “on a timeline acceptable to HHMI”. This policy mirrors that of Plan S, where funders say they will pay OA publication fees only for hybrid journals that have signed so-called transformative contract agreements, or are classed as transformative journals because they have committed to increase their volume of OA content. Nature’s publisher, Springer Nature, has said that the journal will provide an OA route from 2021 and will meet Plan S requirements. (Nature is editorially independent of its publisher.)

The HHMI is offering a one-year grace period — until 2023 — for publishing in subscription journals that are run not-for-profit by scientific societies. That includes Science, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which doesn’t yet offer OA publishing and says it is currently considering whether to permit authors to post their accepted manuscripts online using the liberal ‘CC-BY’ publishing license. Plan S funders announced this year that authors will retain the rights to do this themselves no matter what a journal decides, but it’s not yet clear whether subscription journals will approve manuscripts submitted to them under those terms.

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has mandated immediate OA for its papers since 2017, but it hadn’t yet taken a position on hybrid journals. That changed in mid-September when it updated its policy with the intention of following Plan S. Its website now states that it will pay publishing fees only for OA journals. But a spokesperson told Nature that the foundation is “open to exploring options” to pay publishing fees in hybrid journals that are covered by transformational arrangements. It will also insist on the same rights-retention policy as Plan S for posting manuscripts openly online.

Advanced search


ISSN 1476-4687 (online)


Open access, Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Open-access mandate, Publishing

World news – GB – Powerful US research funder unveils strict open-access policy

Building on its expertise in the areas of digital, technologies and processes , CSS Engineering you in your most ambitious transformation projects and helps you bring out new ideas, new offers, new modes of collaboration, new ways of producing and selling.

CSS Engineering is involved in projects each customer as if it were his own. We believe a consulting company should be more than an advisor. We put ourselves in the place of our customers, to align we incentives to their goals, and collaborate to unlock the full potential their business. This establishes deep relationships and enjoyable.

Our services:

  1. Create professional websites
  2. Hosting high performance and unlimited
  3. Sale and video surveillance cameras installation
  4. Sale and Installation of security system and alarm
  5. E-Marketing

All our achievements here


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here