MALIBU, CA — One of Southern California’s most stunning natural phenomena is lighting up the Malibu coastline. A massive algae bloom spanning the length of Southern California’s coastline has caused glowing blue waves to crash upon the shore at night from Los Angeles to San Diego for more than a week now. The waves glowed onto Malibu shores on Sunday to delighted crowds.
“We first went to Westward Beach, then to the end of Zuma, with no luck,” Malibu resident Michael Kory told the Malibu Surfside News. “We doubled back down to Dan Blocker Beach and lucked out. Not only were the waves glowing, but out past the swells we could see flashes of the blue glow rapidly moving in lines – clearly, fish or dolphins swimming.
“I’m a native Angeleno and have lived in Malibu since 2006, and this is the first time I’ve ever experienced anything like this. It was also the first time we’ve left the house at night since the lockdown started.”
The algae bloom, known as a “red tide” is bioluminescent, and it glows when agitated by splashing or by waves. Red tides are unpredictable, and they don’t occur in Southern California every year. It’s not clear how long the red tide will continue or if it will outlast the beach closures. The majestic blue tides have been spotted sporadically in Hermosa Beach, Huntington Beach and Carlsbad.
The phenomenon is caused when large numbers of dinoflagellates form a bloom. Dinoflagellates use bioluminescence as a predator avoidance behavior, according to bioluminescence expert Michael Latz, a scientist at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego.
The current red tide is due to aggregations of the dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedra, Latz said. The species is known for its bioluminescent displays.
Red tides are unpredictable and not all of them produce bioluminescence. Scientists do not know how long the latest display will last. Local red tides have lasted for days like in May 2018, or for one to two weeks like the red tides in September 2013 and June 2019, Latz said.
World news – US – Bioluminescent Waves Light Up Malibu Beaches